Philosophy of War: A Brief Analysis on Principles and Justifications (Section 1)

Abstract This is the first section of a three-part analysis. It draws on theories from three theorists, Carl von Clausewitz, Sun-tzu, and Thomas Aquinas, for insights into theories on war and justification for waging war. Although Thomas Aquinas is known more for his contributions to theology and philosophy, he was included in this project because... Continue Reading →

The Gospel According to Matthew

According to many scholars the authors of the Synoptic Gospel are unknown. It is believed that the names Matthew, Mark, and Luke were attributed to the books at some point for convenience. In I Corinthians 15:4, referring to Christ’s atonement, Paul stated, “…that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day in... Continue Reading →

Desert Christians: An Introduction to the Literature of Early Monasticism (Book Review)

William Harmless is professor of Theology at Creighton University in Omaha, Nebraska. He has published his research on monasticism in the journals of Theological Studies, Church History, and Studia Patristica. This review will examine specific approaches the author used in his narrative pertaining to his research on monasticism in his book, Desert Christians. The author’s... Continue Reading →

The Formation of Christian Doctrine (Book Review)

In his book, The Formation of Christian Doctrine, Malcolm B. Yarnell attempts to disclose how the formation of Christian doctrine developed from a theological foundation. Moreover, Yarnell aspires to reveal the free churches’ theological depth and their development of ecclesiology. The goal of this review is to provide a balanced analysis not only by critiquing... Continue Reading →

Apostolic Succession Since Irenaeus

The early church fathers viewed the doctrine of apostolic succession as a very important factor for the church. The apostolic traditions are the unwritten oral traditions of Christ’s teachings passed down through the apostles. The word “apostle” comes from the Greek verb apostellein, meaning to send. Thus, an apostle is someone who is sent. In... Continue Reading →

Open Door Policy

William Appleman Williams was a revisionist historian who interpreted the open-door policy as a strategy which would “set the terms of international competition in ways that played to America’s strong suit while also catering to America’s self-image”.[1]  Williams also believed problems with the U.S. economy was due to imperialism; essentially, the U.S. government was spending... Continue Reading →

New Testament Canon

The need for a canon was realized when various religious sects (Gnostics, Marcionites, and Montanists) distorted and fabricated religious ideas pertaining to Jesus and the Hebrew Bible. Some heresies that influenced the development of a canon were: Marcion and the Marcionite canon, Gnostics and their document the Nag Hammadi, Montanus and the two prophetesses. An... Continue Reading →

Revolution and the Intelligentsia

There are many studies and publications on the Russian Revolutions. This section will not seek to cover the well-documented events that have become repetitive within the historiography. Rather, it will attempt to shed light on less-covered events that were still influential in the production of the revolutions. Sometimes going back more than a few years... Continue Reading →

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